Images from Rome - Late 1946

St. Peter's - Rome - November 24, 1946. Pope Pius XII concluding the ceremonies marking the Beatification of the Chinese Martyrs. Fr. Valentine is in the choir in the background.

These martyrs* (28 in all--14 Europeans and 14 Chinese) were executed in 1900 during the Boxer Uprising. They are commemorated in the Franciscan calendar on July 8 under the title "Blessed Gregory Grassi and Companions." There is a short writeup on them in "Day by Day With Followers of Francis and Clare" (Fr. Pat McKloskey, O.F.M.; St. Anthony Messenger Press, 1999) and a longer writeup in "Franciscan Book of Saints" (Marion Habig; Franciscan Herald Press, 1959)--listed under July 4.

Seven of these martyrs were members of the Franciscan Missionaries of Mary, a sisters' community established in the late 19th century.

*Information courtesy of Father Pat McCloskey, O.F.M.; May, 2002;

Fr. Valentine and Pope Pius XII speaking after the ceremonies for the beatification of the Chinese Martyrs.


Website contents are largely compiled from photos and historical information contributed by Annabelle Coughlin Laudeman, great-niece of Fr. Valentine, inherited from her paternal grandmother, Dorothea Schaaf-Coughlin-Schmidt, sister of Fr. Valentine. Other images and information are credited where the source is known.

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Last updated: Wednesday, February 25, 2004 16:59 Eastern